Who is a Permanent Resident
A permanent resident is a Citizen of another nation who has been given the Permanent Resident status by the Government of Canada (Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada. A permanent resident is not a Citizen of Canada but by living in Canada and meeting other Citizenship requirements is enroute becoming a Citizen of Canada.
Who is not a Permanent Resident?
– Temporary foreign workers
– A refugee claimant whose claim isn’t approved. To become a permanent resident
- Immigration and Refugee Board must first approve their claim.
- Once approved, they must apply for and get permanent resident status.
What Permanent Residents can do?
- Live, work and/or study anywhere in Canada
- Social benefits including health care
- Apply for Canadian Citizenship
- Protection under Canadian Law.
What Permanent Residents cannot do?
- vote or run for political office,
- hold some jobs that need a high-level security clearance.
Popular ways to moving to Canada from India and other countries
Express Entry, a point-based system provides the fastest pathway to Immigrate to Canada from India. This does not require you to have a job offer or a relative staying in Canada and hence is one of the most sought after programs. It requires you to be a skilled worker who can contribute to the Canadian job market.
As the name suggests, Express Entry is the fastest way to Immigrate to Canada from India. The processing times for 85% of the cases are within 6-months
- Give your English and/or French Language tests
- Get your educational documents assessed. If you have finished a program from Canada, it adds additional points.
- Qualify under one of the three immigration programs (FSW and CEC require at least 1-year or work experience, while FST requires at least 2-years of work experience)
- Canadian Employment certainly adds a lot of value/points. (If possible), get a job offer + LMIA (labour market impact assessment)
- Create an express profile and be one of the highest-ranked candidates in the system (get a high CRS score).
- Get an Invitation to Apply and Submit the application for Permanent Residence
Click here to know more about Express Entry
Family Immigration to Canada from India is another very popular route. To qualify, you need to have a family member who is either a Canadian Citizen or Permanent Resident and is over the age of 18.
- The first step in this process is to become a sponsor
- Once approved by Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada as a sponsor, the relative’s application for permanent residence will be assessed.
Provincial Nomination Programs (PNP):
The provincial nomination programs are designed to allow Canadian provinces to nominate individuals based on their skills, education, and their connection to that particular province. Provincial Nomination Programs are also a very popular pathway for Immigration to Canada from India.
The ideal way for any applicant (especially the ones who are not in Canada) to see if there are PNP programs that they would be eligible for. Most Non-Express Entry aligned programs require job offers as a condition for Nomination. It is also important to note that Express Entry aligned programs are very competitive and generally focussed on certain NOC Codes (and sometimes NOC Codes+CRS Score)
****Example: At the time this article is updated (September 2020), OINP sent Notification of Interest to people with a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score between 466 and 475 and work experience in
0111 Financial managers
0124 Advertising, marketing, and public relations managers
0601 Corporate sales managers
1111 Financial auditors and accountants
1114 Other financial officers
1122 Professional occupations in business management consulting
3012 Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
3124 Allied primary health practitioners
3132 Dietitians and nutritionists
needless to say, the CRS Scores and even the NOC will change over time. Hence it is important to understand what is applicable to a particular person and what is not.
Some fo the popular Provincial Nominee Programs are
- Alberta Nominee Program
- British Columbia Nominee Program
- Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program
- Newfoundland & Labrador Provincial Nominee Program
- Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program
- Ontario Provincial Nominee Program
Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program (RNIP)
RNIP is one of the newest programs introduced in the Canadian Immigration Process which allows smaller communities to nominate foreign workers who would want to work and live in those communities.
Some of the Participating Communities are:
Sault Ste. Marie, ON www.welcometossm.com
Thunder Bay, ON www.gotothunderbay.com
Brandon, MB www.economicdevelopmentbrandon.com
Altona/Rhineland, MB www.seedrgpa.com
Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP)
AIPP is designed to help employers in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador hire foreign skilled workers.
- Employer expressing interest
- Atlantic Province Designating the Employer
- Employer finds a candidate who meets all the requirements of the program
- Needs assessment done for the candidate
- Settlement plan submitted to the employer
- Province approves the endorsement plan and sends a letter to the candidate
- Candidate applies for Permanent Residence
While a student is a temporary resident in Canada, there are multiple advantages of coming to Canada in a student visa
- Completing a degree helps you find employment and also makes you eligible for a Post Graduate Work Permit
- Studying in Canada gives you additional points on the Express Entry System
- In certain provinces, there are pathways (PNP) if you have been studied in that province. There are many other conditions to be met but studying in that province certainly gives an advantage and is one of the most popular pathways in the Canada Immigration Process
Immigrate to Canada, How to Immigrate to Canada from India, Migrate to Canada from India
Maintaining your Permanent Residence Status
To maintain the Permanent Resident status, one must be physically present in Canada for 730 days in the last 5 years. These 730 days need not be continuous.
In specific cases, if you are a Permanent Resident living outside Canada, some or all of your time spent outside Canada may count towards your Permanent Resident Status.
Losing your Permanent Resident Status
You lose your permanent resident status when:
- You apply for a PRTD and it is determined that you are no longer a permanent resident.
- you voluntarily renounce your permanent resident status;
- a removal order is made and comes into force
- you become a Canadian citizen.