The straightforward answer to this question is “If you don’t stay in Canada for 730 days in a 5 year period”. Is it is that straightforward? Possibly not.
Given below are some scenarios when you might not be staying in Canada and still be able to meet the residency requirements.
- You are a permanent resident who is traveling with a spouse or partner who is a Canadian Citizen
- You are a permanent resident who is employed abroad by a Canadian Business in their overseas office.
- You are a spouse or partner of a Permanent Resident who is employed by a Canadian Business in their overseas office.
The other question I get asked often is “How do I know if my PR status is still valid, does it expire with the expiry of my PR Card?“
You don’t lose your permanent resident status when your PR card expires.
You can lose your permanent resident status if:
- You apply for a PRTD and it is determined that you are no longer a permanent resident.
- You apply for a PRTD appeal and it is determined that you no longer are a permanent resident.
- You voluntarily renounce your permanent resident status;
- a removal order is made against you and comes into force; or
- you become a Canadian citizen.
You are still a permanent resident even if you don’t meet the residency obligation unless an official decision is made on your status.
Does expired PR Card mean expired PR Status?
Certainly not, a PR Card is a travel document just like a passport. Its expiry does not mean you lost the Permanent Resident Status just the way you would still be a citizen of a country even if your passport expires.
Can I still travel if my PR Card expires when I am traveling abroad?
If you are traveling abroad and you know that your card is up for renewal. We suggest that you renew your card before leaving Canada. PR cards are not mailed to non-Canadian addresses. In case your PR Card expires while traveling abroad, you can apply for a Permanent Resident Travel Document (PRTD) to return back to Canada. PRTDs are only issued outside Canada.
Can restoration of PR Status happen?
In very rare cases, restoration of PR Status does happen. Generally, it would be very difficult to convince an officer if you have not met the residency requirements and have lost your PR status. In extremely rare conditions there may be a possibility to restore your status especially if the circumstances were beyond your control.
How long does it take to renew a PR Card?
This greatly varies. The processing time currently (at the time this article is being written) is 27 days. For current processing times, click here